Amid rising hate speech and crime, vulnerable people across Europe find themselves disconnected from the popular story of the region’s success in securing LGBTI rights, major human rights review finds.
Launched today, 4th February, in Brussels, the 10th edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review details the human rights situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people across the 49 European countries, and the five countries of Central Asia. Created with LGBTI activists and experts on the ground, the Review also identifies trends, both current and on the rise.
This year’s review, which charts developments during the 12 months of 2019, paints a complex picture that diverges from the widespread narrative that all is well for LGBTI people in large parts of Europe. Central to this is a sharp rise in anti-LGBTI hate speech carried out by public figures across Europe - in countries ranging from Bulgaria, Poland and Turkey, to Cyprus, Finland, Greece, Portugal and Spain – and the very real consequences of this for LGBTI individuals and groups. In many countries across the European and Central Asian regions, and not only those with a documented growth in official bias-motivated speech, there has also been an equally sharp increase in online hate-speech and physical attacks on LGBTI people, many of the latter premeditated and brutal.
The review identifies that this is a pan-European phenomenon, from the UK where the populist narrative surrounding Brexit can be linked to an increase in anti-LGBTI hate crimes and incidents, to the banning of events in many towns and cities on the continent, the prosecution of participants in Pride marches in Turkey, and a growing presence of anti-LGBTI and neo-Nazi protesters in public spaces during LGBTI events across the region.
Alongside the rise in hatred, there is increased movement of people from within the region to countries perceived as less harsh. More LGBTI people left countries such as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan for neighbouring countries where the situation might be perceived as relatively safer. There is also an anecdotal rise in people saying they want to leave countries like Poland for other EU countries.
Reported obstacles in access to healthcare, bullying in schools and the workplace, and LGBTI people being denied services, often with a lack of governmental intervention, all play a part in the overall picture of a Europe where lived experiences for a large part do not match up with the surface message that LGBTI rights and equality have been fully secured.
In the Ireland section of the review, it highlights that LGBT+ asylum seekers experience double isolation and marginalisation in the direct provision system. Within the education sector, it was found that almost three-quarters of LGBTI teenagers feel unsafe in schools.
The review also mentions the advocacy and work that the LGBTI community are doing. TENI led the “Call It Out” campaign which addressed the harm caused by homophobia, biphobia and transphobia in Ireland. Equality for Children continue to campaign for all LGBT+ families to be able legally recognised. Noah Halpin launched the This is Me - Transgender Healthcare Campaign and after meeting with the current Minister for Health Simon Harris, he was appointed to to the steering committee created by the government and the Health Service Executive (HSE) regarding trans healthcare. A transcare rally toook place in September to highlight the inadequacies of trans healthcare in Ireland.
Government offices published a number of reports. One of these was a Review of the Gender Recognition Act. Civil society which welcomed the recommendations to make legal gender recognition (LGR) available to 16 and 17-year-olds but concerns were raised that trans youth under 16 will have no access to LGR. Another was the National LGBTI+ Inclusion Strategy. Also a PrEP HIV prevention programme came into effect.
For the first time, the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) and members of An Garda Síochána (police service) in uniform tooks part in the Dublin LGBTI+ pride parade in June.
In a Prime Time debate on trandgender youth, Graham Linehan had previously made transphobic comments was included in the debate despite a petition and complaints to the national broadcaster.
More details of the Irishs ection of the Review can be found here
According to Evelyne Paradis, Executive Director of ILGA-Europe: “It is not all bad news. The issue of bodily integrity for intersex people continues to gain more prominence on the political agenda of governments and institutions. 2019 was a year of positive developments for rainbow families in the region, with an expansion of family rights in a few countries; and important advancements continue to be made on reforming or establishing legal gender recognition procedures, even if in many countries progress is slowing down.
“However, the lived reality of LGBTI people in many parts of Europe and Central Asia is increasingly difficult and for a large part remains invisible, even to organisations like ILGA-Europe. Action is needed. Governments still have so much to do, from adopting laws that guarantee the protection of people's rights and giving public authorities the means to translate policy into practice across sectors, to leading by example in having a discourse promoting social acceptance and inclusion.
“By making people aware of such a broad and nuanced picture, which is constantly shifting and evolving, the ILGA-Europe Annual Review aims to give a sense of the enormity of issues and areas that affect the lives of people, which will continue to require attention, especially in a context where LGBTI people are being targeted and vulnerability is heightened.”